The oral contraceptive pill is a daily medication with hormones to prevent pregnancy. Find out more.
What are contraceptive pills and how do they work?
Contraceptive pills are oral contraceptives that you must take every day. It is a safe, affordable and effective (around 91% of effectiveness) birth control method if you are careful at taking your pill on time every day. The hormones in the pill stop ovulation and fertilization cannot occur. The hormones also thicken the cervix and block the sperm.
What are the benefits of the pill?
The pill is a very effective method (around 91% effective) to prevent pregnancy
Different pill formulations can provide specific health benefits:
Can reduce menstrual cramps, lighten your periods and make it more regular
It can prevent or reduces acne, bone thinning, breast and ovarian cysts, endometrial or ovarian cancers, anemia, premenstrual syndrome
You can get pregnant right after stopping to take it
It is a convenient method because when taken correctly, it doesn’t interfere in the buildup to having sex.
What are the disadvantages of the pill?
You need a prescription from a doctor
You have to take the pill every day
There can be negative side effects:
A decrease in sexual desire
What are the contraindications?
If you are or already have experienced one of the following healthcare problems, you should avoid taking the pill:
Blood clots/vein inflammation
Heart attack, stroke, angina or any other serious heart problem
High blood pressure
Diabetes or liver disease
What are the oral contraceptive pills available in the market?
There are 3 types of birth control pills on the market:
Continuous use pills
Can you get pregnant on the pill?
Yes. Although birth control pills have a very high success rate (99% if taken perfectly, 91% in general), no contraceptive method is 100% effective and pregnancy can occur.